Thursday, June 29, 2017

Harsh Weather

Jean-Honoré Fragonard
oil on canvas
Los Angeles County Museum of Art

Claude-Joseph Vernet
oil on canvas
Hermitage, Saint Petersburg
                                                 And over all their heads
The god's king, in abhorred claps, his thunder rattl'd out.
Beneath them Neptune tost the earth; the mountains round about
Bow'd with affright and shooke their heads; Jove's hill the earthquake felt
(Steepe Ida), trembling at her rootes, and all her fountaines spilt,
Their browes all crannied. Troy did nod: the Grecian navie plaid
(As on the sea); th'infernall king, that all things frayes, was fraid,
And leapt affrighted from his throne, cried out, lest over him
Neptune should rend in two the earth, and so his house so dim,
So lothsome, filthy and abhord of all the gods beside,
Should open both to gods and men. Thus all things shooke and cri'd.

 Iliad, xx, 56-66, translated by George Chapman (1611)

John Constable
Stormy Sea, Brighton
ca. 1828
oil on paper mounted on canvas
Yale Center for British Art

Peter Paul Rubens
Stormy Landscape with Philemon and Baucis
ca. 1625
oil on panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Ludolf Bakhuizen
Christ in the Storm on the Sea of Galilee
oil on canvas
Indianapolis Museum of Art

Eugène Delacroix
Christ on the Sea of Galilee
oil on canvas
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore

Eugène Delacroix
Christ on the Sea of Galilee
oil on canvas
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City

Samuel Palmer
Summer storm near Pulborough, Sussex
ca. 1851
Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide

Crescenzio Onofri
Man fleeing storm
before 1698
Teylers Museum, Haarlem

From the heights the Sire of gods
And men rolled dreadful thunder; and beneath
Poseidon made the infinite earth to quake,
And the steep mountain-summits: all the roots
Of many-fountained Ida and all her peaks,
The Trojans' city and the Achæans' ships
Were shaken.  Hades, lord of shades below,
Was scared, and leapt in terror from his throne
And screamed for fear Poseidon earthquake-lord
Should burst apart the earth above his head,
And his abode be bared before the eyes
Of mortals and immortals  his abode
Ghastly and dank, which e'en the gods abhor.
So huge arose the clash of battling gods.

 Iliad, xx, 56-66, translated by Sir William Marris (1934)

Jan Brueghel the Elder
Beach with sailboats and stormy sea
Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin

Cottages under a stormy sky 
ca. 1635
wash drawing
Albertina, Vienna

Johan Christian Dahl
oil on paper mounted on canvas
National Gallery of Norway, Oslo

Gaspard Dughet
Mountainous landscape with approaching storm
oil on canvas
Dulwich Picture Gallery, London

Vincent van Gogh
Wheat-field in rain
oil on canvas
Philadelphia Museum of Art

Childe Hassam
Rainy day, Boston
oil on canvas
Toledo Museum of Art (Ohio)

From high above the father of gods and men made thunder
terribly, while Poseidon from deep under them shuddered
all the illimitable earth, the sheer heads of the mountains.
And all the feet of Ida with her many waters were shaken
And all her crests, and the city of Troy, the ships of the Achaians.
Aїdoneus, lord of the dead below, was in terror
and sprang from his throne and screamed aloud, for fear that above him
he who circles the land, Poseidon, might break the earth open
And the houses of the dead lie open to men and immortals,
ghastly and mouldering, so the very gods shudder before them:
such was the crash that sounded as the gods came driving together in wrath. 

 Iliad, xx, 56-66, translated by Richmond Lattimore (1951)