Saturday, August 16, 2014

Cooper's Miniatures

Self-portrait, 1645

Samuel Cooper (1609-1672) became King's Limner when Charles II was able to reclaim his father's throne in 1660. Cooper's watercolor miniatures on vellum had already made him famous across Europe and gained him a circle of cultured English friends that included John Aubrey, John Evelyn, Thomas Hobbes and John Milton. After the Restoration, Cooper produced an abundance of pocket-sized courtier-portraits, many (like these) remaining to this day in the Royal Collection.

Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland, 1661

Frances Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, 1663-64 

Frances Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, c. 1663 (in riding habit)

Edward Montague, 2nd Earl of Sandwich, c. 1670

Hugh May (architect), 1653

Portrait of a lady, c. 1650

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch, c. 1667

James, Duke of York, c. 1665

Queen Catherine of Braganza, c. 1662 (unfinished)

King Charles II, c. 1660-70

Charles II, c. 1660 (profile drawing as model for coinage)