Sunday, July 17, 2016

European Portraits of the 17th century

Nicolaes Wieringa
Portrait of a Captain

"Almost all the soldiers of the Baroque age, like those of the Renaissance, began as volunteers who enlisted of their own free will. The process was remarkably similar all over Europe. The principal recruiting officer was normally the captain and the principal unit was the company. Each captain chosen by the government received a commission to raise a company in a specific area, and he would first name his junior officers and order a standard to be made. Then with colors, a drummer, and his officers, he would visit the various towns and villages specified in his commission. In each place the local magistrate would be expected to provide the captain with an inn or an empty house to serve as a headquarters where the company colors were unfurled and the drummer beat a tattoo to attract volunteers. From those who came to offer their services the captain chose men who were healthy and sane, who were aged over sixteen and under forty, and who, so far as possible, were "neither married nor only sons who would cause loss to their parents or their villages." The names of the recruits were then entered on the company's list (they "enlisted"), and they received a cash payment and perhaps a suit of clothes, plus free shelter and food while they waited for the levy to be completed. At that point (usually two or three weeks later) the Articles of War were read out to the troops, stating the penalties that would attend any future misconduct." 

 from Geoffrey Parker's essay, The Soldier, published in Baroque Personae / edited by Rosario Villari (University of Chicago Press, 1995)

Portrait of Saskia van Uylenburgh in Arcadian costume
National Gallery, London

Jakob Ferdinand Voet
Portrait of Cardinal Carlo Cerri
ca 1669-79
National Gallery, London

Michael Janz van Mierevelt
Portrait of Horace Vere
National Gallery, London

Justus Sustermans
Portrait of Ferdinand II de' Medici & Vittoria della Rovere, his Consort
National Gallery, London

Daniel Mytens
Portrait of William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke
ca. 1626
National Portrait Gallery, London

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
17th century
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

Peter Paul Rubens
Portrait sketch of Marie de' Medici
ca. 1622
Victoria & Albert Museum

Bartholomeus van der Helst
Portrait of a girl
National Gallery, London

Bartholomeus van der Helst
Portrait of a man with a glove
ca. 1641
National Gallery, London

Andrea Sacchi
Marcantonio Pasqualini crowned by Apollo
Metropolitan Museum of Art

John Michael Wright
Portrait of King Charles II
ca. 1660-65
National Portrait Gallery, London

Anthony van Dyck
Portrait of the Abbé Scaglia
National Gallery, London

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Portrait of Don Justino de Neve
National Gallery, London