Monday, July 24, 2017

Two-dimensional European Art of the 1570s

Melchior Lorck
Ten Women from Stralsund
ca. 1571
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen

Johannes Stradanus
Alchemists' Laboratory
Royal Collection, Windsor

from The Phoenician Women of Euripides, translated by George Gascoigne, 1573 –

Oedipus.  Daughter, I must commend thy noble heart.
Antigone.  Father, I will never come in company
     And you alone wander in wildernesse.
Oed.  O yes deare daughter, leave thou me alone
     Amid my plagues: be mery while thou maist.
Ant.  And who shall guide these aged feete of yours,
     That banisht bene, in blinde necessitie?
Oed.  I will endure, as fatall lot me drives,
     Resting these crooked sory sides of mine
     Where so the heavens shall lend me harborough.
     And in exchange of riche and stately toures,
     The woodes, the wildernesse, the darkesome dennes
     Shal be the bowre of mine unhappy bones.
Ant.  O father, now where is your glory gone?
Oed.  'One happy day did raises me to renoune,
     One haplesse day hath throwne mine honor downe.'
Ant.  Yet will I beare a part of your mishappes.
Oed.  That sitteth not amid thy pleasant yeares.
Ant.   'Deare father yes, let youth give place to age,'
Oed.  Where is thy mother? let me touche hir face,
     That with these hands I may yet feele the harme
     That these blind eyes forbid me to beholde.
Ant.  Here father, here hir corps, here put your hand.
Oed.  O wyfe, O mother, O both wofull names,
     O wofull mother, and O wofull wyfe,
     O woulde to God, alas, O woulde to God
     Thou nere had been my mother, nor my wyfe.

Paolo Veronese
Conversion of Saul
ca. 1570
oil on canvas
Hermitage, Saint Petersburg

Paolo Veronese
Madonna of the Cuccina Family
ca. 1571
oil on canvas
Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden

Paolo Veronese
Dream of St Helena
ca. 1570
oil on canvas
National Gallery, London

Paolo Veronese
Judith with the Head of Holofernes
ca. 1575-80
oil on canvas
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Paolo Veronese
Feast in the House of Simon the Pharisee
oil on canvas
Château de Versailles

from No haste but good

In haste post haste when first my wandering mind
    Beheld the glistering court with gazing eye,
Such deep delights I seemed therein to find
    As might beguile a graver guest than I.
The stately pomp of princes and their peers
    Did seem to swim in floods of beaten gold;
The wanton world of young delightful years
    Was not unlike a heaven to behold.

– from A Hundreth Sundrie Flowers (1571) by George Gascoigne, most recently edited by G.W. Pigman (Oxford University Press, 2000)

Luca Cambiaso
Madonna of the Candle
ca. 1570-75
oil on canvas
Musei di Strada Nuova, Genoa

Orazio Samacchini
Holy Family with St Catherine of Alexandria,
St Margaret of Antioch, and St Francis of Assisi

ca. 1570-75
oil on panel
Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide

Giovanni Antonio Fasolo
Adoration of the Shepherds
before 1572
Teylers Museum, Haarlem

Antoine Lafréry after Perino del Vaga
Adam and Eve mourning the dead Abel
before 1577
Teylers Museum, Haarlem


The frounyng fates have taken hence
    Calimachus, a childe
Five yeres of age: ah well is he
    from cruell care exilde:
What though he lived but little tyme,
    waile nought for that at all:
For as his yeres not many were
    so were his troubles small.

– an epitaph by Lucian of Samosata (AD 115-180) written in Greek, translated into English by Timothy Kendall, 1577

Philips Galle after Hendrik Goltzius and Johannes Stradanus
Fighting Horses
ca. 1579
Teylers Museum, Haarlem

Hendrik Goltzius after Rosso Fiorentino
Hercules and Geryon
ca. 1577
Teylers Museum, Haarlem

Turnus' Retreat

With such rebukes mens mindes upkindled staied, and thick with preas
They stoode. But small and small from flight did Turnus then surceas,
Retiryng to that side where stood the fortresse gerdes aboute.
So much the more pursute the Troyans make with restles shoute,
And clustrying close they shoove. As when sometime men gathring thicke
A Lyon wylde assaylne, and hard with tooles oppressying pricke.
But he affraied resists, sowerskowling grim he backward strides,
And neither tayle to turne his pride him lets, nor wrath his sides
Will suffryng make him shew, nor forward can set furth his joynts,
Though fain he would, not able he is yet for men, for weapons poynts.
None otherwise did Turnus then retracting seeke bypath,
With stalking doubtfull steps, and deepe in minde reboyles his wrath.

– from the Aeneid of Virgil, translation by Thomas Phaer published posthumously in 1573

Maerten de Vos
ca. 1572
oil on panel
Staatliches Museum, Schwerin

Giovanni Battista Moroni
The Vestal Virgin Tuccia
before 1578
oil on canvas
National Gallery, London